The K-W-L-H chart helps students activate prior knowledge, identify areas of inquiry, and reflect on their reading / learning. This strategy was developed by Donna Ogle (1986) and is often used as a whole group activity where a large chart with four columns is made to record everyone’s ideas.
K – stands for what students already Know about the topic.
W – stands for what students Want to Learn by this text.
L – stands for what students have Learned while reading this text.
H – stands for ideas of How to Learn More after reading this text.
Sample K-W-L-H Charts from Reading Quest