Relevance reminds us to ensure that learning has meaning for all students. A simple test for relevance is to ask students why what they are doing is interesting and important.
The easiest way to increase relevance is to Assign to Reflection (not completion). This means requiring students to reread their own work and annotate the work for a specific quality before finishing.
Another way to increase relevance is to provide multiple perspectives on every curricular topic and to take time to consider multiple perspectives on topics as they emerge in class discussions (see group learning routines).